The Grand Council of the Crees
CREE NATION GOVERNANCE AGREEMENT CREE CONSTITUTION KEY FACTS
11 Key Facts
- Cree treaty rights under the James Bay and Northern Québec Agreement are protected – the Cree do not give up any rights.
- For the first time, the jurisdiction of the Cree First Nations and Cree Nation Government to make “laws” instead of “by-laws” on Category IA land is recognized.
- The Minister of INAC (Canada) oversight of Cree governance is removed.
- The Governance Agreement only covers Cree governance powers on Category IA lands – it does not affect Cree governance on Category II or III lands.
- The Cree Constitution, with the force of law, takes Cree self-governance out of the Cree-Naskapi (of Québec) Act, a federal law, and brings it home to the Cree.
- The Cree Constitution can be amended in the future by the Cree alone without the involvement of the Minister of INAC (Canada).
- The Governance Agreement provides the Cree First Nations with financial security until 2040 by maintaining current favourable term and conditions for Operations and Maintenance Funding and Capital Funding, instead of these terms and conditions having to be renegotiated every five years.
- The Cree First Nations keep all their governance powers on Category IA lands now provided under Section 9 of the James Bay and Northern Québec Agreement and the Cree-Naskapi (of Québec) Act – there is no transfer of powers between local and regional Cree governments.
- The Cree School Board and the Cree Board of Health and Social Services of James Bay, are not affected and they keep all their existing powers and services.
- The Cree and Cree First Nations keep the tax and seizure exemptions that they now enjoy under Section 9 of the James Bay and Northern Québec Agreement and the Cree-Naskapi (of Québec) Act.
- There is no obligation for the Cree Nation Government or for the local Band Councils to tax Crees.